JOURNAL SPOTLIGHT: Comparative Studies of Energy Sources in Gynecologic Laparoscopy
Authors: Kenneth S.K. Law, Stephen D. Lyons
Citation: The Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology, Volume 20, Issue 3, Page 308-318
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Abstract: Energy sources incorporating “vessel sealing” capabilities are being increasingly used in gynecologic laparoscopic surgery although conventional monopolar and bipolar electrosurgery remain popular. The preference for one device over another is based on a combination of factors, including the surgeon’s subjective experience, availability, and cost. Although comparative clinical studies and meta-analyses of laparoscopic energy sources have reported small but statistically significant differences in volumes of blood loss, the clinical significance of such small volumes is questionable. The overall usefulness of the various energy sources available will depend on a number of factors including vessel burst pressure and seal time, lateral thermal spread, and smoke production. Animal studies and laboratory-based trials are useful in providing a controlled environment to investigate such parameters. At present, there is insufficient evidence to support the use of one energy source over another.
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